Rudrakshas are born from TEAR DROPS OF BHAGWAN SHIVA. Some translations are that Rudrakshas are born from SWEAT OF BHAGWAN SHIVA.
Rudraksha wearing is mentioned in our ancient texts from time immemorial. It is very loving to our Mahadev. It can be worn by men, women and animals. Scientific name of the rudraksha plant is Elaeocarpus ganitrus. Rudraksha beed is known as Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. This specie is mostly found in Indonesia and Nepal.
There are six important member of ELAEOCARPACEAE:
These are found in Nepal, Malaysia and Indonesia. These are also found in North Bihar, Assam, Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh in little amount. These are mentioned as pure and powerful in ancient texts of India (Bharat)
Rudraksha flower are white and seeds are blue in color.
Its known as Rutthracham in Tamil and Dandele in Kannada. This specie has an egg shaped seed which is famous for one face moon shape (cashew shape) rudraksha.
This seed is used in a very large amount for wearing due its spiritual qualities and the instinct of one face round Nepal Rudraksha. But this rudraksha is not mentioned in our ancient texts.
Only Elaeocarpus ganitrus roxb should be worn.
The egg shaped is not a rudraksha according to our ancient texts.
There is one face sawar rudraksha from Nepal is available. It is very next to round one face rudraksha. It is one of the best alternative to one face round.
These are some species such as E. Prunifolius, E. Glabrescens and E. Amoenus which give fruit of one face rudraksha. Two face rudrakshas are found in less and three-four face rudrakshas are found in very lesser amount on these trees. These does not fruit five face seeds.
These have moon shape instead of round.
There are light, unclear and without hole rudrakshas found in Andaman and Nicobar and Hawaii island.
Polystachyus, E. Pendunculantus and E. Rugosus give two face rudrakshas.
Parvifolius, E. Nitidus and E. Stipularis gives only five face rudrakshas.
Cuneatus, E. Floribundus and E. Cyanocarpa are mainly found in Malaysia which produces only three face rudraksha.
Puniculatus, E. Sikkimensis, E. Obvatus and E. Csubvillous produces unclear faces which are used to make fake rudrakshas by creating artificial lines. These also produce some clear face rudrakshas.
There is also specie which is known as BHADRAKSHA. Their plants are also known as Koenigii, Goodeniaceae, Scaevola Fruitescens, Lanceaefolius and Sikkimensis. These have flat seeds, little thorny and light in weight. These have mostly two face rudrakshas which does not have a natural whole.
Its description is found in some ancient texts. But they are of light quality. These are used for gifts.These are used for specific and limited purposes. The bhadrakshas are also used for making fake rudrakshas.
Our ancient texts such as Shiv Puran, Padam Puran, Srimad Devi Bhagwat Puran, Skand Puran, Skand Puran, Rudraksha Jabolupnishad, Linga Puran, Katayani Tantra have mentioned about Rudrakshas.
It is mentioned that Rudrakshas are found from Gaud Desha to Mathura, Kashi, Malyachal. Gaud Desha is a present area of Bengal to Bhuvaneshwar. Following Sloka from Skand purana clearly mentions about it:
“वंगदेशं समारभ्य भुवनेशांतग: शिवे, गौड़ देश: समाख्यात: सर्वविद्या विशारद:।”
Present time Species of Rudrakshas are found in Borneo, New Guinea, Madagascar, South China, Fiji, Japan, Hawai, New Caledonia, Philippines, Malaysia,Newzealand, Thailand, Tibet, Myanmar, Bhutan, Srilanka, Nepal, India.
Farmers are using chemicals for quick growth, large amount of Rudrakshas. There logic is that they want to protect the rudraksha fruit from insects etc. This is a big problem because use of pesticides etc. definately influence power of Rudrakshas.
Farmers also produce Hybrid Rudrakshas. So, we should be very careful about such type of Rudrakshas. There is a difference between hybrid and Pappua New Guinea Rudrakshas. This type of Rudrakshas are very big and known as Pappua Rudrakshas.
Only Elaeocarpus ganitrus (plant) produces wearable Elaeocarpus ganitrus roxb (seed) for physical, mental and spiritual benefits.
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Read about One Face Rudraksha.